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Maj. Gen. Oliver Howard




Born: November 8, 1830

Leeds, Maine

Died: October 26, 1909

Burlington, Vermont



1854: West Point Graduate

1854: Brevet 2nd Lieutenant

July 1857: 1st Lieutenant


September 3, 1861: Brigadier General

November 1862: Major General

Became known as the "Christian General"

1854: West Point Graduate - 4th out of 46

Brevet 2nd Lieutenant of ordnance

Served at the Waterviolet Arsenal near Troy, New York

July 1857: Promoted to 1st Lieutenant and returned to West Point to become instructor of mathematics

Appointed Colonel of 3rd Maine Infantry regiment

21 July 1861: 1st Battle of Bull Run - Temporarily commanded a brigade

3 September 1861: Promoted to Brigadier General and given permanent command of his brigade. Joined Maj. Gen. George McClellan for the Peninsula Campaign

1 June 1862: Battle of Four Oaks - was wounded twice in his right arm which needed to be amputated

Received the Medal of Honor for his actions in 1893

November 1862: Promoted to Major General and assumed command of the XI Corps

1-4 May 1863: Battle of Chancellorsville

1-3 July 1863: Gen. Meade replaced Gen. Howard with Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock, but Howard objects as he was senior to Hancock

Howard selected Cemetery Hill with standing assault by Maj. Gen. Jubal Early and a margin of the defense against Pickett's Charge

Howard and the XI Corps were transferred to the Western Theater to become part of the Army of the Cumberland in Tennessee

October - November 1863: Chattanooga Campaign

25 November 1863: Battle of Missionary Ridge where impulsive attacks forced the retreat of Gen. Braxton Bragg

Led the Right Wing of Sherman's March to the Sea through George and the Carolina's

May 1865 to July 1874:Commissioner of the Freedman's Bureau (the Army Bureau of Refugees, Freedom, and Abandoned Lands), played a major role in the Reconstruction era

Was strongly disliked by Pres. Johnson

1872: Ordered to Arizona to negotiate a peace treaty with Cochise

1874:Command of the Department of the Columbia and moved to Washington Territory's Fort Vancouver

1881-1882: Superintendent of West Point

1882- 1886: Department of the Platte

1886-1888: Military Division of the Pacific

1888: His final command was Department of the East (Military Division of the Atlantic) at Fort Columbia on Governor's Island in New York Harbor

1894: Retired with the rank of Major General

Boatner, Mark M. III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1967. p 413-414

Oiver Otis Howard. 24 April 2022. web. 1 June 2022.

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1964. p 237-239

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