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Lieut. Gen. John C. Pemberton



Born: August 10, 1814

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: July 13, 1881

Penllyn, Pennsylvania

Pemberton as Commander

of the Army at Vicksburg


1837: West Point Graduate

1837: 2nd Lieutenant

March 19, 1842: 1st Lieutenant

July 7, 1846: Brevet Captain

September 8, 1847: Brevet Major

September 16, 1850: Captain

April 29, 1861: Resigned U.S. Army

Lieutenant Colonel CSA

May 8, 1861: Colonel

June 17, 1861: Brigadier General

January 14, 1862: Major General

October 10, 1862: Lieutenant General

1837: West Point Graduate - 27th out of 50

July 1, 1837: Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in 4th U.S. Artillery Regiment

1837-1838: 2nd Seminole War

January 24, 1838: Battle of Lozahatchee

1838-1839: Garrison duty at Fort Columbus, New York

1839: Camp of Instruction near Trenton, New Jersey

1840: Fort Mackinac in Upper Great Lakes in Michigan

March 19, 1842: Promoted to 1st Lieutenant

Returned to Garrison Duty at Fortress Monroe

1842-1843: U.S. Army Cavalry School at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

1844-1845: Returned to Fortress Monroe

Mexican-American War

May 8, 1846: Battle of Pale Alto

May 9, 1846: Battle of Resaca de la Palma

July 7, 1846: Battle of Monterry

Appointed Brevet Captain for Gallant Conduct in several conflicts

March 9-29, 1847: Siege of Veracruz

April 18, 1847: Battle of Cerro Gordo

August 20, 1847: Battle of Churubusco

September 8, 1847: Battle of Molino del Rey

Appointed Brevet Major for performance at Molino del Rey

September 13, 1847: Battle of Chapultepec

September 13-14, 1847: Battle of Mexico City

August 4, 1846 - May 1849: aide-de-camp to Brevet Brigadier General William J. Worth

1849: Garrison Duty at Fort Pickens, Florida

1849-1850: Seminole War

1850: Garrison Duty at New Orleans Barracks

September 16, 1850: Promoted to Captain

1851-1852: Served at Fort Washington, Maryland

1852-1856: Fort Hamilton, New York

1856-1857: Seminole War

1857-1858: Fort Hamilton, New York

1858: Utah War

1859: Fort Kearny, New Mexico

1859-1861: Fort Ridgely, Minnesota

April 29, 1861: Resigned his commission due to the influence of his Virginia born wife and many years of service in the South

Appointed Lieutenant Colonel, CSA, and made assistant adjuntant general of forces around Richmond

May 8, 1861: Promoted to Colonel

May 9, 1861: Took commission as Lieutenant Colonel in Artillery Provisional Army of Virginia

June 17, 1861: Promoted to Brigadier General

January 14, 1862: Promoted to Major General

Received command of the Confederate Department of South Carolina and Georgia lasting from March 14 till August 29

Due to the mistrust of his Northern birth, governors in both states requested he be reassigned. Was reassigned to the new Department of Mississippi

October 10, 1862: Promoted to Lieutenant General

Assigned to defend the fortress city of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River known as the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

October 14, 1862: Arrived at his new headquarters at Jackson, Mississippi

May 16, 1863: Battle of Champion Hill

May 17, 1863: Battle of Big Black River

July 2, 1863: Pemberton asked his four division commanders if they could survive the marches to accomplish a successful evacuation. All four division commanders stated they could not accomplish an evacuation.

July 4, 1863: Surrendered the city of Vicksburg to Maj. Gen. Grant

Surrendered 2, 166 officers, 27,230 men, 172 cannons and almost 60,000 muskets and rifles to Grant

October 13, 1863: Exchanged as a prisoner

May 9, 1864: Resigned as a General Officer

President Davis offered him a commission as a Lieutenant Colonel of Artillery

Commanded the Artillery defenses of Richmond until January 9, 1865

January 7, 1865: Inspector General of the Artillery - held this position until his capture

April 12, 1865: Captured in Salisbury, North Carolina

Boatner, Mark M. III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1967. p 631

John C. Pemberton. 30 April 2021. web. 7 May 2021

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray Lives of the Confederate Commander. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1992. p 232-233

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