top of page
Major General Abner Doubleday




Born: June 26, 1819

Ballston Spa, New York





Died: January 26, 1893

Mendham, New Jersey



West Point: June 1842

​2nd Lieutenant: June 1842

​1st Lieutenant: March 1847

​Captain: March 1855

​Major: May 1861

​Brig. Gen: February 1862

​Brevet Lt. Col: September 1862

​Maj. Gen: November 1862

​Lt. Colonel: August 1865

​Colonel: September 1867

June 1842: West Point Graduate - 25th in class of 56 - Assigned to 3rd U. S. Artillery

1846-1848: Mexican American War and transferred to 1st U. S. Artillery

September 21-25, 1846: Battle of Monterey

February 23, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista

Member of a commission investigating allegations of fraud during the Mexican War

March 3, 1847: Promoted to 1st Lieutenant

March 3, 1855: Promoted to Captain

1856-1858: Third Seminole War

1860: Assigned to Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor

December 26, 1860: Under orders from Major Anderson, moves to Fort Sumter

April 12-14, 1861: Battle of Fort Sumter - Fires the first shot for the Union

May 1861: Promoted to Major and assigned to the 17th Infantry in Maj. Gen. Patterson's command in the Shenandoah Valley

August 1861: Transferred to Washington to command the batteries along the Potomac

February 3, 1862: Promoted to Brig. General of Volunteers and placed in command of Washington defenses

Summer 1862: Receives his first command - 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps

August 29-30, 1862: Second Battle of Bull Run - Assumes command of the division when Brig. Gen. Hatch is wounded - His men cover the retreat of the Union Army

Transferred to I Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 14, 1862: Battle of South Mountain


September 17, 1862: Battle of Antietam

Recognized for his superior performance at Antietam, he is promoted to Brevet Colonel in the Regular Army

November 29, 1862: Promoted to Major General of Volunteers

December 13, 1862: Battle of Fredericksburg - His unit is held in reserve

May 1-4, 1863: Battle of Chancellorsville - His unit sees little action

July 1-3, 1863: Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863: Replaces Gen. Reynolds as commander of the 1st Corps when Reynolds is killed

July 1, 1863: I Corps holds their position for five hours and only retreats after the XI Corps collapsed. Outnumbered, the I Corps inflicted 35 to 60 percent casualties on enemy brigades before falling back to Cemetery Ridge

July 2, 1863: Was replaced as Commander of I Corps - Upon returning to his division, was wounded in the neck.

July 1863: Asks for command of I Corps, but Gen. Meade refuses

July 1863: Rides to Washington and assumes administrative duties

August 24, 1865: Reverts back to his rank in the Regular Army of Lt. Colonel

September 1867: Promoted to Colonel and becomes commander of 35th Infantry

1869: Assigned to San Francisco where he heads the Recruiting Service

While in San Francisco, he receives a patent for a cable car railway system and opens the city's first cable car company.

1871: Receives command of the Black 24th Infantry in Texas

1873: Retires from the U. S. Army

Boatner, Mark M. III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1959. p 244

Portrait of Brig. Gen. Abner Doubleday, officer of the Federal Army (Maj. Gen. from Nov. 29, 1862). Library of Congress Prints

          and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. May 17, 1861.

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1964. p 129-130

bottom of page