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Battle of the Wilderness

Confederate Commander

Gen. Robert E. Lee

Forces Engaged: 66,140

Killed: 1,477

Wounded: 7,866

Captured or Missing: 1,690

Total Casualties: 11,033

Confederate Officers

Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet

Lieut. Gen. Richard S. Ewell

Lieut. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill

Maj. Gen. Charles W. Field

Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson

Maj. Gen. Martin L. Smith

Maj. Jubal A. Early

Maj. Gen. Edward Johnson

Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes

Maj. Gen. Henry Heth

Maj. Gen. Cadmus Wilcox

Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart

Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton

Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee

Maj. Gen. William H. F. Lee

Brig. Gen. William N. Pendleton

Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw

Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford

Brig. Gen. Benjamin G. Humphreys

Brig. Gen. Goode Bryan

Brig. Gen. Micah Jenkins

Brig. Gen. George T. Anderson

Brig. Gen. John Gregg

Brig. Gen. Henry L. Benning

Brig. Gen. Edward P. Alexander

Brig. Gen. Harry T. Hays

Brig. Gen. John Pegram

Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon

Brig. Gen. James A. Walker

Brig. Gen. John M. Jones

Brig. Gen. George H. Steuart

Brig. Gen. Leroy A. Stafford

Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel

Brig. Gen. George P. Doles

Brig. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur

Brig. Gen. Cullen A. Battle

Brig. Gen. Robert D. Johnson

Brig. Gen. Armistead L. Long

Brig. Gen. William Mahone

Brig. Gen. Abner M. Perrin

Brig. Gen. Nathaniel H. Harris

Brig. Gen. William Mahone

Brig. Gen. Ambrose R. Wright

Brig. Gen. Edward A. Perry

Brig. Gen. William W. Kirkland

Brig. Gen. Henry H. Walker

Brig. Gen. James H. Lane

Brig. Gen. Alfred M. Scales

Brig. Gen. Samuel McGowan

Brig. Gen. Edward L. Thomas

Brig. Gen. Thomas L. Rosser

Brig. Gen. Lunsford L. Lomax

Brig. Gen. John R. Chambliss

Brig. Gen. James B. Gordon

Confederate Order of Battle

I and II Corps

III and Cavalry Corps

Confederate Official Records

May 5-7, 1864

Spotsylvania and Orange Counties, Virginia


National Park Service

History of the Battle of the Wilderness

Wilderness Battlefield

Battlefield Trust

The Wilderness - An Article

Battle of the Wilderness -

Sanders Field

Overland Campaign -

Animated Map

Southern Historical Society Papers

Report of Gen. McGowan

Report of Gen. Mahone

Artillery Work at Wilderness


Battle of the Wilderness

The Ultimate Price at the

Battle of the Wilderness

What Happened at the First Battle

Between Grant and Lee

Battle of the Willderness

with General Robert E. Lee


Longstreet Enters the Wilderness

Library of Congress Maps

15 Pen & Ink Maps

Military Atlas Maps

Map of the Battlefield of Wilderness, VA

Position of 2nd Corps, May 2-6, 1864

Location of Union Hospitals

Forces Engaged: 118,700

Killed: 2,246

Wounded: 12,037

Captured or Missing: 3,383

Total Casualties: 17,666

Union Officers

Maj. Gen. George Meade

Maj. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys

Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock

Maj. Gen. David B. Birney

Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren

Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick

Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan

Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside

Maj. Gen. John G. Parke

Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow

Brig. Gen. John Gibbon

Brig. Gen. Alexander S. Webb

Brig. Gen. Charles Griffin

Brig. Gen. Romeyn B. Ayers

Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Bartlett

Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson

Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter

Brig. Gen. Samuel W. Crawford

Brig. Gen. James S. Wadsworth

Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler

Brig. Gen. Horation Wright

Brig. Gen. David A. Russell

Brig. Gen. Alexander Shaler

Brig. Gen. George W. Getty

Brig. Gen. Frank Wheaton

Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Neill

Brig. Gen. Henry L. Eustis

Brig. Gen. James B. Ricketts

Brig. Gen. William H. Morris

Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour

Brig. Gen. Alfred T. A. Tolbert

Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt

Brig. Gen. George A. Custer

Brig. Gen. David McM. Gregg

Brig. Gen. Henry E. Davis, Jr.

Brig. Gen. James J. Wilson

Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt

Brig. Gen. Joshua T. Owen

Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays

Brig. Gen. Gershom Mott

Brig. Gen. Seth Williams

Brig. Gen. Rufus Ingalls

Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Stevenson

Brig. Gen. Robert B. Potter

Brig. Gen. Orlando B. Willcox

Brig. Gen. Edward Ferrero

Union Order of Battle

II, V, VI Corps

Cavalry, Artillery, IX Corps

Union Official Records

3 through 156

157 through 254

Boatner, Mark M. III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1967. p 919-925

Davis, Burke. Gray Fox Robert E. Lee and the Civil War. Short Hills, NJ: Burford Books, 1956. p 279-310

Davis, George B., Leslie J. Perry and Joseph W. Kirkley. The Official Military of the Civil War. Washington: Government

          Printing, 1891-1895. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2003. Plates 55-1, 83-1, 2, 94-6, 96-1

Foote, Shelby. The Civil War A Narrative Red River to Appomattox. Vol 3 of 3. New York: Vintage Books, 1986. p 148-187

James, Gregory, Ed. The Killing Ground Wilderness to Cold Harbor. The Civil War 1 of 28 Volumes. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life,

          1986. p 62-81

Grant, Ulysses S. "General Grant on the Wilderness Campaign (Extract from His Report)" Battles and Leaders of the Civil

          War. Volume IV of IV. Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarence Clough Buel, Ed. New York: The Century Co.,

          1884-1887. National Historical Society, 2006. p 145-151

Hotchkiss, Jed. "Virginia" Confederate Military History. Volume III of XII. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing, 1899. National

          Historical Society, 2008 p 431-444

Longstreet, James. From Manassas to Appomattox. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1895. Da Capo Press. 1992. p 551-571

Mackowski, Chris. Hell Itself The Battle of the Wilderness May 5-7, 1864. El Dorado Hills, CA: Savas Beatie, 2016.

Stanley, Steven and Krisstopher D. White. Battle Maps of the Civil War The Eastern Theater. Princeton, NJ: Knox Press, 2020.

          p 66-69

Swinton, William. Decisive Battles of the Civil War. New York: Promontory Press, 1986. p 356-384

Venable, Charles, S. "General Lee in the Wilderness Campaign. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume IV of IV. Robert

          Underwood Johnson and Clarence Clough Buel, Ed. New York: The Century Co., 1884-1887. National Historical Society,

          2006. p 240-246

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1964.

------------------- General in Gray Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1992.

Webb, Alexander S. "Through the Wilderness." Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume IV of IV. Robert Underwood

          Johnson and Clarence Clough Buel, Ed. New York: The Century Co., 1884-1887. National Historical Society, 2006. p


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